What Causes Color Blindness

Vision and the ability to differentiate between colors in the spectrum are extremely essential in order to meet day-to-day chores of life. Human eye contains two specialized kinds of photoreceptor cells namely rods and cones that actively participate in regulating these activities. Any abnormalities or errors in these cells can result in the individual being unable to identify colors, a medical condition better known as color blindness or color vision defect.

Abnormalities in the color vision can occur either due to genetic disorder or acquired.

Genetic defects or inherited disorders are primarily as a result of mutated genes. Inherited color vision defect is primarily an X-linked disorder that is mostly prevalent in males. This is because males have only one single X-chromosome while females carry two sets of X-chromosomes. Hence, if the X-chromosome transferred to the male contains mutations that can cause color blindness, the child is definitely going to suffer from the disease. In case of females, chances of both the chromosomes carrying mutations are practically negligible. There are three different types of inherited color vision defects; namely monochromacy, dichromacy and anamolous trichromacy.

There are different reasons due to which a person can acquire color blindness and color vision defects. Some of these include any disease in the eye, injury to the retina, ageing, injury to the optic nerve, damage to the brain, damage caused due to excessive exposure to UV radiation or even as a result of side effects of certain medications.

Defects in the color vision were first identified and reported in 1798 by John Dalton, an English chemist. As a result, these diseases are sometimes referred to Daltonism. Today, detection and diagnosis of color blindness is extremely simple and easy. There are certain specialized color vision tests such as pseudoisochromatic plate tests and arrangement tests that are routinely used to screen for inherited color blindness disorders.

Some Information About Hair Extensions

Every woman desires for love and beauty. If possible, most of the women want to try different new looks so that they can be different all the time. How to achieve that easily? The answer is to purchase hair extensions. Most high quality hair extensions are quite expensive, so choosing an affordable extension is important to someone who wants to be fashionable but does not have enough money.

If you want to get your desired look, and also want to protect your hair, you can go with human hair extensions. These extensions can help your hair grow out and keep it shiny and smooth. Since human hair is not cheap, so it is important for you to take care of the extensions made of human hair. Unlike your natural hair, the extensions can not get nutrition and natural supply of moisturizer, so they will look dull and dirty if not being well-maintained. Girls all know that if they take care of the extensions, they can get their desired styles all the time.

How can you give adequate moisture to your brittle, dry and frizzy hair through an easy way? Here are some tips:

1. Do not pull off them when they are tangled. If the hair is really tangled, you can put leave-in conditioner on it and slowly entangle those locks with fingers or by using a wide tooth brush.

2. Apply alcohol free shampoo. Use a good quality, gentle shampoo that is suited for your hair type to protect the hair from getting dry, avoid the harsh styling products. When removing the dirt and build-up from the extensions, do use high quality shampoo.

3. Apply good quality conditioner after shampooing your hair. Make sure to apply a large amount of conditioner to the hair after washing it with the gentle shampoo. The conditioner can make the hair look soft and shiny.

Do apply conditioner about twice a week to keep the hair in good condition.

What benefits can you get from wearing hair extensions?

1. You can get thick and long hair instantly with using hair extensions. If you have thin, fine or limp hair, you can use extensions to add volume as well as length to your hair.

2. If you require a confidence-boosting look for a special occasion, then you can just weave the extensions into spectacular braids and enjoy yourself.

3. You can add highlights or desired colors very easily to the extensions ranging from mild to hot to get an extraordinary look.

To make the most of your extensions, you can get some advice from a local specialist. Make sure you ask how they will minimize the damage to your own hair when the extensions are removed.

Attic Ventilation – Ensuring Enough Attic Air Circulation

Your home has a number of critical areas that need all the attention they could get. The attic for instance, plays an important role in ensuring that your roof lasts as intended. Proper air circulation of the attic is essential in keeping that the roof remains structurally sound over the years. You can determine whether there is adequate ventilation in the attic or if it is lacking. If you happen to notice some sort of musky smell in the attic, it is often not caused by the items being stored, but because of insufficient airflow. Fans are commonly used to resolve this problem. However, do roof ventilation fans work? Let’s find out.

How can I know that there’s enough air circulation in my attic?

Your attic, like most areas of your home, requires proper air circulation. There different ways on how to achieve enough airflow in this particular area. A homeowner can buy ventilation solutions in the market of apply different techniques to ensure there is sufficient air flowing through the attic.

What are my options?

Should you find signs of poor ventilation in your attic, you should consult professionals immediately. The sooner you find and fix the problem, the better it is for your home. There are a number of solutions available, but there is no single solution for everything. The homeowner or the professional paid to fix the problem must assess what type of solution would work best and for the long-term. Here’s a number of solutions for your home:

1. Ridge vent – this type of solution is, as its name suggests, a vent installed along the ridge line of your house. Before this type of vent is installed, roof decking is cut to allow air to flow through. It is highly essential that no other areas of the home block air from coming in or out.

2. Soffit vents – every roofing system needs to have air entry and exit points to keep it cool and dry. The soffit vents also work in conjunction with ridge vents and let air pass right through. However, in areas where the roofline meets the attic floor, insulation baffles must be put in place to prevent airflow from being restricted.

3. Attic fans – this solution is quite better as it does not rely on natural wind to ventilate the attic. Fans can be installed on the roofing system which sucks the air out when needed. Some newer models incorporate a thermostat which automatically turns on the fans to keep a stable temperature in the attic. Solar powered fans are also available, which would be beneficial since this would mean the fans can be self-sufficient. However, the costs associated with this solution raises a couple of questions. So, do attic ventilation fans work at all? The answer is yes.

As it is commonly known, fans dedicated to ventilate can easily introduce air or push air out of a home with ease. Unlike natural, free-flowing systems, these fans work at a much more efficient pace. There’s also the option for users to control the temperature within certain areas to prevent moisture buildup and other problems caused by stale air.

Solution for Business Growth – Networking

Interacting with influential people in parties, and collecting their visiting cards is just a touch point. Capitalizing your business on this network is totally a different ball game.

It requires due diligence and dedication over the years to build a relationship for a solid network. Once you have done it becomes a derivative to your success.

Networking should not be a temporary activity, it has to be an ongoing process, even when you are not at your desk. Aspiring business leaders have to learn the strategic networking technique for rapid business growth.

Primary reasons for networking

Why is it desirable to build a network with influential people and business groups of your domain?

· Immediate access to all service providers and vendors

· Quick response rate for contract base hiring

· Full extension to peers help

· Never face an issue of work crisis

· Referrals from the third party

· Updates on the latest trends and technology related to your business.

· Share ideas with similar business groups

Common Business Networking Mistakes

If the success of your business depends on networking then why to leave any corner of networking untouched, no matter how small or big your business is.

Unlike your business location, your network is not limited to the physical address. It has to proliferate in all directions. There are tons of way to build the network that is often overlooked.

· Not connecting with other communities

When it comes to pairing with individuals, usually you choose the known path for connection which is social media. It might look promising connecting through it but it limits your network spectrum. You have to explore another dimension for networking as well. Try to connect to lesser known communities like “Quora” or register with a “common platform for service providers”. There are other multiple online platforms where you can confluence with same business groups like Tumblr, musical.ly, tinder, etc. depending on your domain expertise.

· Not connecting to Niche forum or group

If you really want to build a close relationship with your clients or domain experts, join a Niche “forum”. But joining too many forum sometimes becomes complicated, try to zero in two or three forum of your field. There are big companies that also join this forum to get solutions and you can connect with them instantly.

· Not justifying your acquaintance

Let your client find you with your skills. Networking becomes easy if your clients know your whereabouts. There are very few networking sites that have a portal built especially for employees, where employees can build and upload their portfolio. It helps the employee in two ways, building their own network and establishing themselves as a brand.

· Not Paying heed to referrals

You need to pay attention to referrals coming through the third party or from the vendor’s site. Take immediate follow-up and honor these referrals.

· Not using Reviews/Testimonial for networking

This is the most overlooked attribute by vendors. Many of them believe “Reviews and Comments” are solely made for critics. No, that’s not true. You can convert those critics to your potential client. Ask for “Reviews and Comments” from them, you can even ask for the area of improvement for better service. It will help you to identify your weak zone, and at the same time, you have the opportunity to build a positive image in front of your clients. So, always be ready to listen to your client and make a bond with them through Reviews/Testimonials.

· Not connecting actively with Co-workers

Connecting with co-workers actively helps you to share ideas and gain knowledge. You develop this special”give and take” relation with co-workers over a period of time. Your equation with them will decide how your network will expand.

· Not connecting to diverse population

Usually, it’s a human tendency to connect with like-minded people, which is OK. But if you want to build up a B2B network, then you need to break that cocoon and connect with a diverse population. Diversity gives you the perspective to think out of the box and implement new ideas in your business.

Some Key takeaways for Business Networking

· Make your social networking activity a key part of your daily work.

· Locate and join networking site where other members sell their service or product same as you

· Rather than building numbers focus on people that show interest in your service

· Don’t miss out the client by not joining a common networking platform or joining much later than you should be

· Use software tools or plugins to optimize your networking activity

Types of Carpeting

Carpeting can be made with a variety of different fibers. These fibers have different characteristics that will drastically effect the way the carpet performs. Read along to find out about the three most common types of fibers used in carpeting.

The first material I will discuss is Olefin or Polypropylene. Olefin is generally a lower end carpeting but it does have several good qualities. For example, it absorbs very little moisture, less than 1%. This can make it hard to stain. Olefin is also usually solution died which means that the color runs all the way through the fiber and it can not be bleached. It unfortunately has many drawbacks as well. One of which is the fact that Olefin is a soft fiber. This may sound good, since everyone wants a nice soft carpet, but it is not. Olefin being soft, will crush and wear easily giving it a shorter life than other fibers. It also attracts grease like a magnet. Within a year or two an Olefin carpet will often develop dark traffic paths that are difficult or impossible to clean. Choose this type of carpet if you only need a carpet that lasts a few years or if you will be putting it into a rental.

The next fiber and probably the most popular is Nylon. Nylon is more expensive but it doesn’t have the drawbacks of Olefin. It is a harder fiber and thus resist wear better. It also does not attract grease as much so you do not get the dark traffic areas as quickly as Olefin does. Nylon does absorb moisture however making it possible to stain. It is also usually died after it is made so it can be bleached. Choose this type of carpet if you are looking for a long lasting carpet. Clean it often and apply a carpet protector to prevent stains.

The last type of fiber I will discuss and the most expensive of the three is wool. Wool is of course a natural fiber and has many good qualities. It is both soft and durable. It is not uncommon for a good wool carpet to last twenty or even thirty years. One of the negatives of wool is that it can be stained easily so if you get it, be sure to have a carpet protector applied. This type of carpet is probably for you is price is no option and you want a beautiful and long lasting carpeting.

While there are other varieties of carpet available like silk, cotton and polyester, these are the three most popular. Look at the features of each carefully before you make your decision and you will reduce the risk of regretting your next carpet purchase.

Significance Of Character & Police Clearance Certificate In Immigration

If you are planning to settle permanently in any foreign country, police clearance certificate is one of the essential documents you will need in order to qualify successfully for the permanent residence visa process. A police clearance certificate is issued to Indian passport holders by the concerned police authorities covering the time period of the applicant’s stay in the particular region. If any applicant has been involved in any kind of illegal activity or was arrested for violating the law anytime, the police clearance certificates notes the entire nature and reasoning of the applicant’s case. In much simple words, a police clearance certificate represents how ethical or unethical your character is in the eyes of law of the counties you have lived after the age of 16 years.

Necessity and validity of the police clearance certificate in the immigration process

It is necessary for a prospective immigration who is 16 years older and currently residing in India to have his criminal check done. If the candidate is an Indian citizen age 16 or older and currently residing in India, whose passport was issued MORE THAN six months prior to their immigrant visa interview date, should obtain a Police Clearance Certificate from both the nearest Indian Passport Office and the District Police in the area in which they reside. However, if their passport was issued LESS THAN six months prior to their interview date, they only need a Police Clearance Certificate from the nearest Indian Passport Office.

Factors that impact police clearance check

The following factors will have an impact on your police clearance check:

  • You have a substantial criminal record: By this, it means that past records will be assessed. A sentence(s) of 12 months or more in prison will impact your police check.Also, a suspended sentence is considered as a prison sentence.
  • You have been convicted of escaping: In case you have been found guilty of escaping from immigration detention (during or while detention or had escaped and were taken into detention later), it may bring an adverse impact on your PCC.
  • You are/were associated to a criminal group: In case you have been a member of organization or group that has bad records and the Minister for Immigration reasonably suspects your involvement in the group/organization criminal activities, it may impact your police check.
  • You are/were involved in any crime or offensive acts: If the Minister for Immigration reasonably believes your involvement in criminal acts like human trafficking, smuggling, genocide, sexual offense, torture of slavery, a crime against humanity, a crime of serious international concern, it becomes difficult for you to obtain a PCC.
  • Your past records prove you of an immoral character: If your past and presents records show that you are not of a good character and the government of the country thinks that you can be a threat to the country, you will be denied of a police clearance.

Procedure to apply for a police clearance certificate (India):

If you are 16 years or above, you can apply for a PCC at the places listed below, as per the associated conditions:

  • If you are residing in India and your Indian passport was issued within past 6 months
  • Apply at the Passport Office
  • If you are residing in India and your passport was issued more than 6 months prior to visa application
  • Have to apply at the Passport Office and the District Police Office near your place of residence
  • If you are an Indian passport holder and is staying outside India
  • Local Embassy or Consulate confirming you have no criminal record (a statement from Embassy or Consulate is acceptable)
  • If you are an Indian passport holder and currently resident in India, but has lived in another country (except for the U. S.).

You need to apply at the passport office, d District Police Office serving your place of residence (if the passport was issued more than 6 months prior to visa application) and the country of previous residence (if available).

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How a Lawyer Could Come in Handy

You need to have a liability lawyer at hand because you don’t know when you might be part of an accident, be faced with a premises suit, or when you might need him for product liability cases. Now whatever may be the case you need to be able to get yourself compensated for these things. Knowing who to choose really depends on what the case is also what the lawyer specializes in.

In Texas, a Dallas product liability lawyer will ensure that your best interests are looked after. There are times when even the best of products may not be properly checked for quality and may result in either death or injury of a loved one. Sometimes people can fall sick from badly labeled products this is why having a good lawyer at hand is required. You should find out just how experienced the lawyer is in product liability cases.

A Dallas premises liability lawyer will come in handy in the event that you ever become injured due to a person or company’s neglect to keep their property maintained. For instance, say you’re walking in the grocery store and trip on a broken tile, thus injuring your knee. This injury could keep you out of work, resulting in loss of wages which could put your home or other property at risk of repossession; all of which could have been avoided had the owner of the store simply fixed the flooring or posted signs cautioning shoppers of the hazard. It might make you feel a bit lecherous to file a suit like this, but you shouldn’t feel guilty when the fault is not your own. Going back to our example, how many other people could trip over that tile if you chose not to have the situation corrected?

In order to file a suit successfully you need to be able to get a hold of a good attorney. There are a number of attorneys you can hire but you must always opt of the best. A lawsuit costs money and you will not want to lose because the attorney was not good enough.

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The Best Health Tips for 2011

In the New Year, most people want to get distinctions when it comes to their health. Health must be cultivated and this is a season to begin applying new things as well as old things that have fallen on deaf ears regarding healthy choices. The following is a highlight of the best yet simple health tips for this New Year. First, let us look at what you want to achieve before putting the tips into action.

1. You want to remain positive and happy; feeling good about yourself and life in general.
2. Another thing you will appreciate is promoting weight loss to shed a few
3. Your energy levels may be low or very low and increasing energy and activity will improve the quality of your life.
4. You also want to rid anxiety and find an effective yet natural way to keep you above the water in this regard.
5. This year, you want to do everything possible to keep lifestyle conditions like diabetes at bay.

The good news is that you can achieve all the above by doing the following each day or constantly.

* First, to activate the feel-good hormones that will keep you away from depression and other negative emotions, you need the right brain foods. Oily fish and avocados are the best foods that you can take every day to achieve and maintain optimism and joy in your life.

* Green tea will not just help you loose the pounds you want this year but will also help keep away or reduce the chances of developing cancer. Sugar-free green tea is best. However, natural honey can be used to add wholesome sweetness.

* Co-enzyme Q10 is formulated to help increase energy levels. Consult with your health care provider with this respect.

* Calcium or magnesium will actively work to reduce stress and anxiety. Vitamin B complex is also advised to do the same. Supplement as directed by an expert to see the results.

* Chromium supplements are known to reduce the risk of getting diabetes. The supplement will make sure that you do not constantly crave for sugar.

Above tips for this year are enough to activate your life and get you on the right path regarding health. Getting out and about and keeping the right attitude will help many sail through the year healthy and happy.

An Appreciation of Louisa Lust – Teaching Naturopathy

Many times in a business it is a married couple who work together to produce stellar results. This was the case with Louisa Lust (1869-1925). The wife of celebrated naturopathy Benedict Lust she worked with him to open the American School of Naturopathy in New York.

Before the partnership Louisa already had a name in the nature cure world and used time honored traditions as:
o Hydrotherapy
o Vegetarian diet
o Air and light baths
o Rational life style

German born Louisa studied the nature cure methods of Rikli and Kuhne in London prior to moving to the United States. She established a practice in the USA but continued her studies at Columbia Institute, then in 1901 married Benedict Lust. Their 25 year partnership established Naturopathy as a medical force with lasting impact in the United States. As a cook she prepared tasty meals and wrote: Practical Naturopathic Vegetarian Cookbook in 1907. She tells us:
o A large part of food among Americans is composed of white flour, sugar, and butter. People who try to live on such stuff gradually starve to death
o We lengthen our life with a frugal diet
o We shorten our life by eating too much
o Feed the sick little so little digestive work is needed

Louisa was dedicated to bring out the attributes of a healthy home where light, air, cleanliness, and a good diet would keep a person healthy. She believed in a common sense approach to health that trusted “The Life Force Within”. That what people needed was:
o Freedom from fear
o Mastery of hygiene

Louisa made sure she knew the individual and correspond treatments to their circumstance and experience. Louisa believed there was no better treatment than hydrotherapy and the use of water. If an acute disease struck to use a steam bath, and every day take a cool bath. She believed that fever was the vital force trying to get rid of toxic materials and poison and not to stop it. She advised no solid food and the organs will cure the issue naturally. Louisa Lust spent her life in the pursuit of helping others help themselves. Her lessons are still valid today.

Human Resource Practices

What we have in the prevailing marketplace in today’s economy is the effort that has been made by some well-recognized companies, among them, the Fortune 500 companies based in the United States, who have come to take note of the contribution of their human resource department towards the success of their organizations, SHRM. This has led to the creation of human resource practices by HR department, that motivate its members to continuously being proactive in looking at the business organization, as it engages its employees to determine how they can be supported in strengthening the company’s strategic policies.

A business organization’s human resource practices coupled with its policies are very important in the creation and maintenance of a work culture that is meant to reward, support and then create the expectation for the employees to be consistent in the performance of their work and provision of services. The ultimate goal is the achievement of an optimum customer satisfaction, which at the end leads to a satisfactory financial outcome that create a tremendous success for the company involved, SHRM.

Human resource professionals have been traditionally aligned with administration and finance, tasked with paperwork and far removed from where decisions are made in C-suite level leaders. It has been acknowledged in today’s organizations the value of employees as a key resource, therefore are embracing HR as a key strategic partner with organizational leaders. The new role being given to HR is behind the drive to have companies invest more in advanced technologies that will enable them to manage the workforce, in order to allow HR to spend more time in making valuable contributions.

It has been found based on an audit of Fortune 500 companies that having an HR executive officer among the company’s executive leaderships lead to high performance. In the audit, it was made clear the impact of having Chief HR Officer in the C-suite, which is that the companies with CHRO are averaging 105 percent more profit than their industry peers that do not have one.

Having a chief human resource officer at the C-suite conference table means that the person with the title is able to bring to the table issues affecting the HR department that could not have been possible were the person not there. So the CHRO presence is able to make the argument of the impact of having human resource on the company’s bottom line, the value it brings to the company’s strategic decision making process, and also the need for the company to create HR that is high performance and is involve in the learning and development of its employees, and also the need for an effective technological solutions.

According to some of the Fortune 500 companies audited, the CHRO in those companies embraced the use of customer analysis, proactive talent management as human resource practices. Some of the human resource practices policies enacted that directly lead to high performance in those companies include the exposure of HR risks, like the need to retain key talent in the company’s annual reports and instituting the continuous review of goals and performance throughout the year, particularly:

When the company involve identify risks in their annual reports, the company performs better when compare with peers that do not identify risk in their key financial and market metrics like return on assets (55%), operating profit (by 95%) and earning per share (by 54%).

The organizations that review its employees performance throughout the year are likely to continuously meet its quarterly financial expectation, and show a better average compound annual growth rate (CAGR) when they are compared to their peers that only review performance on an annual basis.

Organizations that have a higher part of its goals aligned and completed does better than its industry peers in key financial metrics, such as quarterly financial estimates, operating profit, earning per share, and price-earnings ratio.

Having a CHRO has proven to have a link to a company’s bottom line, demonstrating the vital correlation between effective talent management and business performance. There are many companies that are very successful in today’s marketplace because they have been able to institutionalized human resource practices platform that put forward an advanced, connected HCM solutions that manage an entire employee life cycle; starting from recruitment to retirement- taking the role from being transnational to strategic, also predictive.